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宁波自动流水线的几大类器件-【中英版】

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宁波自动流水线的几大类器件-【中英版】

发布日期:2019-01-14 作者:宁波流水线厂家 点击:

宁波自动流水线的几大类器件-【中英版】

伺服电机是指在伺服系统中控制机械元件运转的发动机,是一种补助马达间接变速装置。伺服电机可使控制速度,位置精度非常准确,可以将电压信号转化为转矩和转速以驱动控制对象。


伺服电机转子转速受输入信号控制,并能快速反应,在自动控制系统中,用作执行元件,且具有机电时间常数小、线性度高、始动电压等特性,可把所收到的电信号转换成电动机轴上的角位移或角速度输出。


分为直流和交流伺服电动机两大类,其主要特点是,当信号电压为零时无自转现象,转速随着转矩的增加而匀速下降。


二. 传感器-自动化工厂的触觉sensor-Tactile sensation in automated factories


      Sensor is a kind of detection device, which can sense the measured inion and transform it into electrical signal or other required form of inion output according to certain rules to meet the requirements of inion transmission, processing, storage, display, recording and control.


It is the first step to realize automatic detection and control.


In modern industrial production, especially in automated production process, various sensors should be used to monitor and control the parameters in the production process, so that the equipment can work in the normal or optimal state, and the product can achieve the best quality. Therefore, it can be said that without many excellent sensors, modern production will lose its foundation.

传感器是一种检测装置,能感受到被测量的信息,并能将感受到的信息,按一定规律变换成为电信号或其他所需形式的信息输出,以满足信息的传输、处理、存储、显示、记录和控制等要求。

宁波流水线

它是实现自动检测和自动控制的首要环节。


在现代工业生产尤其是自动化生产过程中,要用各种传感器来监视和控制生产过程中的各个参数,使设备工作在正常状态或最佳状态,并使产品达到最好的质量。因此可以说,没有众多的优良的传感器,现代化生产也就失去了基础。


三. Frequency Converter-Switch of Automation Factory变频器-自动化工厂的交换器


Frequency converter is a kind of electric control equipment which uses frequency conversion technology and microelectronics technology to control AC motor by changing the working power frequency of the motor.


The frequency converter is mainly composed of rectifier (AC to DC), filter, inverter (DC to AC), brake unit, drive unit, microprocessor unit of detection unit and so on.


Frequency converter adjusts the voltage and frequency of output power supply by the interruption of internal IGBT. According to the actual needs of the motor, it provides the required power supply voltage to achieve the purpose of energy saving and speed regulation. In addition, frequency converter also has many protective functions, such as over-current, over-voltage, over-load protection and so on.

变频器是应用变频技术与微电子技术,通过改变电机工作电源频率方式来控制交流电动机的电力控制设备。


变频器主要由整流(交流变直流)、滤波、逆变(直流变交流)、制动单元、驱动单元、检测单元微处理单元等组成。


变频器靠内部IGBT的开断来调整输出电源的电压和频率,根据电机的实际需要来提供其所需要的电源电压,进而达到节能、调速的目的,另外,变频器还有很多的保护功能,如过流、过压、过载保护等等。


四. Robot-Executor of Automation Plant机器人-自动化工厂的执行者


Robots are machine devices that perform work automatically. It can not only accept human command, but also run pre-programmed procedures. It can also act according to principles and programs formulated by artificial intelligence technology.


Its task is to assist or replace human work, such as production, construction, or dangerous work. Robots are generally composed of actuators, driving devices, detection devices, control systems and complex machinery.

Robot,机器人是自动执行工作的机器装置。它既可以接受人类指挥,又可以运行预先编排的程序,也可以根据以人工智能技术制定的原则纲领行动。


它的任务是协助或取代人类工作的工作,例如生产业、建筑业,或是危险的工作。机器人一般由执行机构、驱动装置、检测装置和控制系统和复杂机械等组成。


五. Solenoid Valve-Switch of Automation Factory电磁阀-自动化工厂的开关


The solenoid valve is an industrial equipment controlled by electromagnetic force and an automatic basic component for controlling fluid. It belongs to the actuator and is not limited to hydraulic and pneumatic.


It is used in industrial control system to adjust the direction, flow rate, speed and other parameters of medium. Solenoid valves can cooperate with different circuits to achieve the desired control, and the control accuracy and flexibility can be guaranteed.


There are many kinds of solenoid valves. Different solenoid valves play different roles in different positions of the control system. The most commonly used are one-way valves, safety valves, direction control valves, speed control valves and so on.

电磁阀是用电磁控制的工业设备,是用来控制流体的自动化基础元件,属于执行器,并不限于液压、气动。


用在工业控制系统中调整介质的方向、流量、速度和其他的参数。电磁阀可以配合不同的电路来实现预期的控制,而控制的精度和灵活性都能够保证。


电磁阀有很多种,不同的电磁阀在控制系统的不同位置发挥作用,最常用的是单向阀、安全阀、方向控制阀、速度调节阀等。


六. Industrial Camera-Automation Factory Eyeglasses工业相机-自动化工厂的眼镜


工业相机是机器视觉系统中的一个关键组件,其最本质的功能就是将光信号转变成AFT-808小型高清工业相机为有序的电信号。


而工业相机一般安装在机器流水线上代替人眼来做测量和判断,通过数字图像摄取目标转换成图像信号,传送给专用的图像处理系统。


图像系统对这些信号进行各种运算来抽取目标的特征,进而根据判别的结果来控制现场的设备动作。


七. Instrument and Instrument-Regulating System of Automation Factory仪器仪表-自动化工厂的调节系统


Instruments and instruments are instruments or devices used to detect, measure, observe and calculate various physical quantities, material components, physical parameters, etc. Vacuum leak detector, pressure gauge, length measuring instrument, microscope, multiplier and so on belong to the instrument.


In the automation factory, various instruments and instruments are needed, such as measuring pressure, liquid level, flow rate, temperature and other parameters needed in the control process, and related instruments and instruments are needed.

仪器仪表仪器仪表是用以检出、测量、观察、计算各种物理量、物质成分、物性参数等的器具或设备。真空检漏仪、压力表、测长仪、显微镜、乘法器等均属于仪器。


自动化工厂中需要应用各种仪器仪表,比如测量压力、液位、流量、温度等一些控制过程所需要的参数值,就需要相关的仪器仪表。


八. Automated Software - The Heart of Automated Factory自动化软件-自动化工厂的心脏


Automation Software, 由于工业控制系统的管控一体化趋势控制工程网 全民彩票www.noventique.com版权所有,使得工业控制系统与传统IT管理系统以及互联网相连通,内部也越来越多地采用了通用软件、通用硬件和通用协议。


比较常见的是SCADA自动化软件。SCADA自动化系统(supervisory control and data acquisition),就是我们所说的数据采集与监控系统。它主要是受计算机技术得支撑,对各种生产过程进行调度自动化控制的系统。


SCADA自动化软件,可以在无人看管的情况下,自动化的对生产进行长时间的精准监椌,并且从中获取有效的信息数据,为监管的管理者提供有力的评价参考。


九. Control Cabinet-Central System of Automation Factory控制柜-自动化工厂的中枢系统


There are many kinds of control cabinets, including electrical control cabinet, frequency conversion control cabinet, low-voltage control cabinet, high-voltage control cabinet, pump control cabinet, power control cabinet, explosion-proof control cabinet, elevator control cabinet, PLC control cabinet, fire control cabinet, brick machine control cabinet and so on.


Automation plant involves electrical, frequency conversion, power supply, pumps and other control cabinets, according to different needs to choose different control cabinets, to achieve different control functions.

控制柜又包括许多种,有电气控制柜、变频控制柜、低压控制柜、高压控制柜、水泵控制柜、电源控制柜、防爆控制柜、电梯控制柜、PLC控制柜、消防控制柜、砖机控制柜等等。


自动化工厂中涉及到电气、变频、电源、水泵等等控制柜,根据不同的需求选择不同的控制柜,实现不同的控制功能。


十. Controller-Automated factory command中控器-自动化工厂指挥


 Controller  refers to a command device that changes the connection of main circuit or control circuit in a predetermined order and changes the resistance value in the circuit to control the start, speed regulation, braking and reverse of the motor. It is composed of program counter, instruction register, instruction decoder, time sequence generator and operation controller. It is the "decision-making organ" for issuing commands, that is, to coordinate and direct the operation of the whole computer system.中控器是指按照预定顺序改变主电路或控制电路的接线和改变电路中电阻值来控制电动机的启动、调速、制动和反向的主令装置。由程序计数器、指令寄存器、指令译码器、时序产生器和操作控制器组成,它是发布命令的“决策机构”,即完成协调和指挥整个计算机系统的操作。


Common controllers in automation factories include PLC, industrial computer, etc。自动化工厂中常用的控制器有PLC,工控机等。


Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), which uses a kind of programmable memory for its internal storage program, executes user-oriented instructions such as logic operation, sequence control, timing, counting and arithmetic operation, and controls various types of machinery or production processes through digital or analog input/output.


可编程逻辑控制器(PLC),它采用一类可编程的存储器,用于其内部存储程序,执行逻辑运算、顺序控制、定时、计数与算术操作等面向用户的指令,并通过数字或模拟式输入/输出控制各种类型的机械或生产过程。


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